How To Become An Optometrist in India Step By Step Process

 Career In Optometrist (Eye Specialist Optometrist Courses Institute Jobs Salary):

There is a tremendous demand for eye specialist in the country and the world. There are immense career opportunities in optometrist after 12th. Due to the lockdown and corona being somewhat digital, eye infections are increasing continuously in people, in such a situation the demand for Ophthalmic Optics Experts (Optometrist) has increased tremendously. In such a situation, if you also want to become an eye doctor, then through this article we have told you how to make a career in optometrist? Full information has been given about it.


A person who cannot count fingers from a distance of three meters is considered blind as per World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. According to this definition, the population of blind in India as per the latest data of National Blindness Survey is 8 million and millions of others are suffering from visual impairment. In view of this, the demand for qualified Ophthalmic Optics Specialists (Optometrists) is going to increase tremendously in the coming years in India.

A recent survey shows that India has only one trend optometrist for two lakh people, while the US and European countries have one optometrist per ten thousand people. According to an estimate, there is a need of two lakh qualified optometrists in India. Macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy have become common diseases of the elderly these days. Not only children but also the eyes of youth are getting affected due to continuous long hours of watching mobiles, computers and television. Optometrists play an important role in the treatment of all these. This is the reason why the demand for trained optometrists is increasing in India these days.

If you want to make your career bright

 by saving eyesight of others, then you can make a bright career in Ophthalmic Optics. This career will surely appeal to you a lot, because by filling the empty eyes with sparkling light, you will not only get peace of mind but also financial satisfaction, because there are immense possibilities in it due to being a budding career.


Ophthalmic optics is the science that deals with the functioning of the human eye. This health care profession is concerned with proper eye examination, proper diagnosis and proper treatment of eyes. This science deals with the use of optical systems, lenses and other types of optical aids, refractive errors and their corrections. An optometrist is a doctor (OD) of optometry, not a medical doctor. He uses various vision therapies to correct eye abnormalities and may prescribe medications for the eyes. The functions of an optometrist include recognizing the ocular and visual symptoms of eye diseases, understanding the many problems affecting the eyes, and referring patients to appropriate specialists for treatment.

In this way an optometrist identifies and diagnoses problems related to the eyes by treating them. The optometrist fabricates the lenses as per the prescribed specifications and fits them to the individual needs. He makes the lenses hard or soft using hi-tech machines and also polishes them. Optometrists are not allowed to perform surgery in India. That is, he can do all the work related to eye treatment except eye surgery.

The job of an optometrist 

is to advise patients about eye care. He can give advice on contact lenses, prescribe exercises to correct eye muscles or squint, give number of glasses, etc. There is no doubt that this is a big challenge, so he has to keep himself updated constantly. Optometrists have to provide frequent eye exams, public health optometry, as well as counseling services, and help rectify low vision.

They systematically diagnose the disease of the patients and recommend to refer them to the appropriate specialist. In this way, their role is that of the primary eye care provider. An optometrist can get a job as an assistant to an ophthalmologist in hospitals or clinics. Apart from working in private optical setup, one can also start his own clinic. By the way, ophthalmic optics is a science. It is a combination of physics and biology, because on the one hand it studies the anatomy and physiology of the eyes, and on the other hand, subjects of physics like optics lens and refractive index are also studied. It is a dynamic and challenging career that offers job flexibility, financial success and unlimited opportunities along with personal growth and social prestige.

To make a career as an optometrist

it is necessary to do Bachelor of Clinical Optometry course. To do this, the minimum age of the candidate is 17 years and it is necessary to pass 12th with minimum 50 percent marks in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Biology and English. For admission in this, one has to give the Centralized Joint Entrance Examination 'ISET', which has been validated throughout the country. In the first three years of this four-year course, theoretical education is followed by one year internship for clinical and trade experience. It covers physical optics, knowledge of optical instruments, general anatomy, physiology, abnormal and pathological conditions of the eyes, and methods of measuring and correcting visual impairment.

Along with practical training in basic science, dispensing optics and clinical subjects, students are also provided internships in various hospitals, specialty eye clinics, etc. Diploma course in Optometry is also available. For admission in this course, it is necessary to pass 12th with science subjects. The duration of this course is two years. Jobs as an optometrist can be found in hospitals and clinics where the ophthalmologist has to be assisted. If desired, the work can be done independently in the optical establishment. Professional Ophthalmic Optics Experts get a monthly salary of 20 to 25 thousand rupees initially. If you have done a course from a good institute and the capabilities are good, then this salary can be more.

Other leading institutes in the country 

offering Diploma and Degree courses in Ophthalmic Optics Science/Optometry are as follows- All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi. The Lotus College of Optometry, Juhu, Mumbai. School of Optometry, Gandhi Eye Hospital, Aligarh. Bharatiya Vidyapeeth Medical College, Pune. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Medical College, Raipur. Bosch and Lomb School of Optometry, Hyderabad. Sarojini Deva Hospital and Institute of Ophthalmology, Hyderabad. Lions Arvind Institute of Community Ophthalmology, Gandhinagar. College of Optometry and Ophthalmic Sciences, Nashik.

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